Monday, May 25, 2020
Slavery. When you hear that word, what images come to mind? Most see loaded boats filled with kidnapped Africans, the brutality of greedy men, and the pain of the victims. Although some think slavery is an ideal of the past, it is in fact still very present in the modern day world, and the images associated with it are almost identical. Human trafficking, or Ã¢â¬Å"the modern slavery,Ã¢â¬ is defined as the Ã¢â¬Å"organized criminal activity in which human beings are treated as possessions to be controlled and exploited (as by being forced into prostitution or involuntary labor)Ã¢â¬ by Merriam Webster Dictionary (np). At any given time this affects 2.4 million people, 80% of whom are sexually exploited. This paper will highlight the tragic past of human trafficking for sexual exploitation and its current effect on society. To begin with, the mindset behind slavery and captivity has always intrigued me. As a child, I never understood the reason why someone would ever treat another human so terribly. As I have gotten older, I now understand the evil that is in the world, specifically that is connected to greed and power. I have selected this topic because I would consider myself to be an activist when it comes to the rights of those in captivity, particularly females, and I believe the only way this monstrosity could ever end is by spreading awareness and giving the people in captivity a voice when they cannot defend themselves. Human trafficking has existed since before written recordsShow MoreRelatedHuman Trafficking And Its Effects On Society2954 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesNothing drives our emotions or influences our understanding of horrific stories-than those of the modern-day trafficking. Human trafficking is a very problematic issue in our society today and more victims are being taken advantage of w hether itÃ¢â¬â¢s through slavery, sexual exploitation, organ trade, or even forced labour. In most cases, the victims of trafficking is often known to be transferred from one country to another and forced to work for a benefit of the crime. In other words, itÃ¢â¬â¢s very commonRead MoreHuman Trafficking And Its Effects On Society2231 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesHuman Trafficking When the word slavery is heard, what usually comes to mind? For me, something of the past that usually involves the deportation by means of force of Africans into a colonizing America. The word usually makes me reflect on all of my history classes that IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been in throughout the years learning about how tragic it was, and how we, over the course of many years, abolished it. If you asked me a couple weeks ago what I knew about modern slavery, I would tell you that itÃ¢â¬â¢s a smallRead MoreHuman Trafficking And Its Effects On Society2095 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesof women have disappeared due to sexual labor and trafficking in Moldova, Ukraine, and Russia. There are people around the world suffering from psychological damage, PTSD, anxiety, flashbacks, fear, insomnia, depression, sleep disorders, panic attacks, self-blame, and suicidal thoughts. Men and women are locked in factories at night to prevent escape. Traffickers use their patterns of travel to move terrorists. The prof its made from human trafficking are part of the funding power for conflict and corruptionRead MoreHuman Trafficking And Its Effects On Society1206 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHuman rights are something that everyone receives as soon as they are born in the world. These rights are given to everyone just for simply living on the earth no matter their race, sex, religion, or ethnicity. When someone tries to take one of those rights away it is called a human rights violation. A right that is interesting is the Right to Freedom. Something that violates the Right to Freedom is human trafficking, which also violates the 13th Amendment which abolished slavery in 1865, with theRead MoreHuman Trafficking And Its Effects On Society1156 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslabor or sex. In today society pimp is glorified as a ladyÃ¢â¬â¢s man. In reality pimp are not ladyÃ¢â¬â¢s men, pimps are criminal. The relationship between pimps and prostitutess is not what the society, imagining it more brute than what peo ple perceive. Many people think that pimps are harmless because of the movies and the songs. Society needs to look deeper than the surface when it comes to pimps and prostitutes, that the relationship is master and slave as in human trafficking. The pimp is a person thatRead MoreHuman Trafficking And Its Effects On Society1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHuman trafficking is organized crime where human beings are controlled and exploited (Merriam-Webster).Ã Despite slavery being illegal in the United States and countless countries around the world, human trafficking known as the modern slavery still exists both domestically and internationally.Ã There are multiple forms of human trafficking such as forced labor, sex trafficking, child exploitation, organ and tissue trafficking, and people smuggling (INTERPOL).Ã Specifically looking at sex traffickingRead MoreHuman Trafficking And Its Effects On Society Essay1829 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Human Trafficking Imagine an individual having a pet that they raised and loved for, then one day that pet got taken away from them by another individual. The one who stole the animal then claims it as their own and forces the pet to breed with another and then keeps it locked in a cage until they find a new use for it. They barely provide it with the efficient amount of attention and feed it only enough to not starve it out. Picturing this is disgusting and hard to imagine to happen to suchRead MoreHuman Trafficking And Its Effects On Society Essay1751 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesHuman Trafficking is one of the many horrors that occur across the world that is not spoken about enough in society. Human trafficking can include organ trafficking, prostitution, child pornography, forced labor, debt bondage, child labor and child soldiers. In all cases of human trafficking, human beings are controlled and exposed for profit the most common type of profit being money. People who are victims of human trafficking can be found working in a myriad of places such as massage parlorsRead MoreHuman Trafficking, the Modern Slavery1034 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGlobal Perspectives Essay #2 Human Trafficking Causes and Effects Human Trafficking, The Modern Slavery Introduction Human trafficking is a big problem all around the world. Every year, thousands of men, women and children are kidnapped by traffickers, and forced into sexual exploitation and slavery. In this essay, I will talk about the causes of human trafficking and what effects it has on the victims, families, and society. Causes The cause of human trafficking is mainly the organizedRead MoreHuman Trafficking Is A Grave Crime And A Serious Violation Of Human Rights1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHumana Trafficking Introduction Human trafficking refers to the practice of recruiting, transferring, transporting, receiving, or harboring people through the use of force, threat, or other forms of abduction, coercion, deception, fraud, as well as abuse of power or vulnerability position (Segrave 2). Human trafficking is a grave crime and a serious violation of human rights as it involves a broad range of human exploitations, including forced labor, sexual exploitation, slavery practices, as well
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Introduction Monuments are resilient and commemorative structures that are significant to cultures or social groups. They may tell the tale of an event or celebrate or revere a person or God. Mayan stelae monuments are monuments that were fashioned by the Maya civilization of ancient Mesoamerica. They consist of tall sculpted stone shafts and In ancient Maya society, cosmological beliefs encompassed all aspects of life and integrated individuals into a unitary worldview and culture. Inspired by their beliefs, Mayan civilization created some of the most intricate monuments, decorated in colors and hieroglyphics that depicted important imagery for these Mesoamerican people. With the use of tall-sculpted stone, stelae monuments were erected. The Mayan site Copan, located in western Honduras belonged to a civilization based on a complex sociopolitical structure. Copan became one of the more powerful Maya city-states and was a regional power in the southern Maya area. The major classic kingdom period occurred between AD 250-850, when major cultural developments began to take place showing Mayan skill in their achievements in science, mathematics, astronomy and hieroglyphic writing. The site as Copan Valley encompassed around 100 hectares and had three main phases of development that included residential areas, central districts with stone temples, two large pyramids, several stairways and plazas. One principal trademark from the classic period is the portrait sculptures onShow MoreRelatedThe Civilizations Of Ancient Civilization1178 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Civilization, derived from the latin word Ã¢â¬Å"civisÃ¢â¬ meaning Ã¢â¬Å"citizenÃ¢â¬ , or simply someone who lives in a city. However, what is the difference between a group of people who live in a town and our modern concept of civilization. To find the answer to that question we can turn to the civilizations of ancient times. The beginning of civilization as we know it began in the Neoli thic era. This era began with a very distinct change to the way of life, from the old way of migrating constantly to whereverRead MoreAncient Egyptian Civilization : Ancient Civilization930 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe ancient Egyptian civilization is one of the oldest known civilizations in history. It is believed that the ancient Egyptian civilization, based in eastern North Africa, started around 3150 B.C., and survived until 31 B.C. In this ancient civilization, art was considered to be magical. Whether in the form of painting, sculpture, carving or script, art held the power to maintain universal order and grant immortal life by appealing to various gods to act on behalf of people, both in life and inRead MoreAncient Civilizations1009 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Ancient Civilizations Ancient Civilizations were more pronounced in the Bronze Age. This historical period lies between 4000 to 1200 BCE. Ostensibly, these civilizations were triggered by the onset of irrigations systems, which concomitantly increased food and water supply. Irrigation schemes and availability of food set precedence for people tens of thousands of people to live together in a common geographical location. Cities, states, and centrally developed kingdoms developed. From historicalRead MoreThe Ancient Civilization1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesadvanced civilization is perhaps the most intriguing story of all.To understand what causes great civilizations, it is vital to note the process of collapse in other civilizations, such as the great Roman Empire. Differences in time period, geographical landscapes, and other circumstances mean no direct correlations are possible, but the outstanding point of similarity is that no single factor accounts for a large civilization s collapse. One similarity be tween these two civilizations is the processRead MoreAncient Civilizations : Compare And Contrasting Ancient Civilizations804 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesContrasting Ancient Civilizations Most people believe that all ancient civilizations were the same: they all lived with a steadfast loyalty to their one and only king that ruled all of the lands, civilizations only achievements were monumental buildings, and they vacuously attacked neighboring societies to gain more land for millennia. While some of this knowledge is true to an extent, civilizations accomplished an abundance more than some realize. Some fail to register that early civilizations are uniqueRead MoreAncient Civilizations And The Egyptian Civilization1403 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWilliam McNeill, author of A World History, is in accordance with the belief that ancient civilizations who were in constant contact with conflict and war could develop a more advanced system of law, bureaucracy, and market prices. By that logic, Mesopotamia would have been far more advanced than Egypt. For example, Mesopotamia frequented attacks from barbarians because of the lay of the land. They also had trouble controlling war between centers of industry due to the inevitable struggle with theRead MoreThe Rise Of Civilization And Ancient Civilizations898 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe rise of civilization has always fascinated people. Since the appearance of anatomically modern human beings, some one hundred and fifty thousand years ago, the emergence of civilization has been one of the most important accomplishments of people. Civilization is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"an organizing principle that implies common institutions, economic systems, social structures, and values that extend over space and timeÃ¢â¬ (Matthews 3). Some of the things that make up a civilization are religion, governmentRead MoreAncient Egypt : An Ancient Civilization1523 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Ancient Egypt, an ancient civilization known today as one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest, would last over 3000 years thanks to the many Egyptians contributing to its success. One such Egyptian was the Pharaoh, Akhenaton. Born to King Amenhotep III, Akhenaton ascended to the throne at around 1353 BCE . He was also known as Amenhotep IV, but would later change his name to Akhenaton in order to worship the god Ã¢â¬Å"AtonÃ¢â¬ . Akhenaton may be considered one of the most important figures in Egyptian history seeingRead MoreAncient Civilization And The Aztec Civilization Essay1781 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages One of the greatest ancient Mesoamerican civilizations lies right below modern day Mexico City. (Yellow,16) Legends have been told about the history of Mexico City, but not until recently was the great city of Tenochtitlan uncovered while constr uction workers were digging in Mexico City. There are very few physical remains of the ancient city today, but the history of this great civilization is still with us. This civilization was created by the Aztecs, who built their empire in 1325 AD. (YellowRead MoreThe Mayan Civilization : Ancient Civilization1425 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Mayan Civilization: For many centuries the Mayan was of life was a mystery to archaeologists. Their geography, social structure, government, economy/trade, technology, writing, and arts were all thought to be forever lost. Now, as archaeologists are still uncovering more information, what was once referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"The Lost Civilization of MayaÃ¢â¬ , has been awakened from the grave of unknown. Geography: The ancient Mayan Civilization surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean stretched
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
What is the Marine Ecosystem? Marine ecosystems are among the largest of Earths aquatic ecosystems. It covers almost 70% of the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s surface. They include oceans, salt marsh and intertidal ecology, estuaries and lagoons, mangroves and coral reefs, the deep sea and the sea floor. They can be contrasted with freshwater ecosystems, which have a lower salt content. Why is the Marine Ecosystem important? Marine ecosystems are very important in to the overall health of both marine and terrestrial environments. According to the World Resources Centre, coastal habitats alone account for approximately 1/3 of all marine biological productivity, and estuarine ecosystems (i.e., salt marshes, sea grasses, mangrove forests) are among the mostÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This can weaken the coral and reduces the oxygen present in the water. A lot of fish also feed on the algae and plankton which also start dying because of lack of food. The pacific garbage patch Hidden, tucked away in no-manÃ¢â¬â¢s land between Hawaii and San Francisco lies a Ã¢â¬Å"floating continentÃ¢â¬ composed entirely of garbage. This environmentalistÃ¢â¬â¢s nightmare is at a staggering size twice the size of Texas. It is around 1400000 kmÃ ², consisting of mostly plastic and other waste matter, and is the largest landfill in the world. There is roughly 3,340,000 pieces of rubbish/kmÃ ² with an average mass of 5.1kg/kmÃ ². It has numerous names like the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, the Eastern Garbage Patch or the Pacific Trash Vortex. Some experts believe that the Ã¢â¬Å"floating continentÃ¢â¬ actually consists of two patches, Eastern and Western connected by a thin 6000km current called the Subtropical Convergence Zone which itself consists of a strip of rubbish. Waste that can float from all present day civilizations eventually end up at this Ã¢â¬Å"islandÃ¢â¬ , sometimes after periods of up to 12 years. Many animals such as sea birds, turtles jellyfish mistakenly get tangled in the debris, eat the refuse or in the case of Hawaiian Green Turtles, nest there. For example, the amount of all refuse Albatross feed their chicks with is total of 5 tons of plastic a year. On several occasions, some rubbish breaks free and ends up getting washed up on the beaches of nearby Hawaiian
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Sensors Satellite Observations and Modeling. Answer: Introduction: The report introduces the concept of oil slick detection. The pollution that is caused by the oil needs to be protected. The use of the SAR and MODIS imagery technique is used in order to protect the oil pollution. The oil slick is the layer or the thin film of oil that is floating in the water (Sun and Hu 2016). The repost presents the various methodologies that can be used in order to protect the oil slick. The most applicable methodology in this case is also discussed in the next section of the report. The oil slick may be caused by a number of factors such as the spilling of the oil in the ocean while carrying the oil from one place to another. The use of the oil in the industries is later secreted out in the form of gas polluting the air or in the form of liquid polluting the water. The process of oil slick detection helps in knowing and helps in the prevention of oil leakage. The use of the SAR is mostly done in order to detect the oil slicks that occur due to the various reaso ns. The report presents the literature review regarding the various oil slicks that have taken place (Zhao et al. 2014). The literature review also presents how the use of SAR and MODIS has been made in order to protect the oil slicks that are taking place. The use of remote sensing is made in order to protect the various oil slick processes. The use of remote sensing helps in the proper measurement of the water surface of the oceans and the other water bodies (Sun et al. 2016). The remote sensing offers the highest form of resolution. The use of the airborne remote sensing instrument has the fastest response to the pollution that is caused by the air. However, due to the excess expense that is involved in the airborne remote sensing the use of satellite remote sensing is made in order to check the pollution that is being caused by the oil. The various processes have the various advantages and disadvantages according to which the oil slick takes place. Lastly, the report presents th e best method that can be used for the protection of the oil slick. The above figure clearly depicts the SAR method for the four phases in the oil click detection. The figures a and b have properly demonstrated the baseline, the proposed method, the IVSaliency method and the PRSaliency method. The figures c and d have properly demonstrated the baseline, the proposed method, the SDPoISAR method and the PRSaliency method. Synthetic Aperture Radar or simply SAR is the coherent radar system that eventually uses the air path of this platform for the purpose of simulating the largest antenna or aperture electronically as well as generating the higher resolution imagery of remote sensing (Zhao et al. 2014). This particular type of radar system is mainly either space borne or airborne. Thus, the individual transmitting or receiving cycles or PRTs are completed with the accurate data from every cycle that is being stored electronically. The processing of signal utilizes the phase or magnitude over the successive pulses from all the elements in any particular synthetic aperture. This particular methodology is selected for the case study for its extra ordinary working principle and inherent advantages (Maianti et al. 2015). The increasing use of the oil has led to the increase in the amount of the oil that requires to be transferred across the seas and the oceans in order to maintain the supply of the oil. As a result of which the amount of slicks have also increased to a great extent. Thus, the importance to the detection of the measurement of the oil slicks at water bodies has increased by a great extent (Marghany 2015). The use of more shipping routes for the passage of the ships across the water bodies have made it necessary for the measurement and the protection mechanism to become more strict. The use of the remote sensing can be made in order to detect the oil slicks that are taking place. The detection process may also reduce the amount of slicks that is taking place. The remote sensing process helps in the detection of the possible oil slick that may take place. This also provides the advantage of the nature of the oil that may be slicked and the estimated quantity of the oil that may be spille d. All these information is valuable as this process helps in the detection of the damage that may be caused by the oil slick. The use of the remote sensing helps in the maintenance of the ecosystem (Pisano et al. 2016). The detection of the oil slick has become necessary as the marine life is being affected largely. The protection of the marine animals and the marine plants has become increasingly necessary otherwise the animals and the plants may lead to extinction. The remote sensing process is an important process and may be classified as the passive systems and the active systems. The passive systems refer to the use of the sensors and the detection and the emission from the various natural resources. This process takes place in the visible spectrum (Salberg, Rudjord and Solberg 2014). The other type of the system that is used is them active system. The active system presents the use of the response of the reflection from the objects radiated from objects that are artificial sources. The artificial sources may be the use of the laser and the radar systems. There are various methods that are involved in the detection of the oil slicks. The methods involve the Synthetic Aperture Radar System or SAR, satellite monitoring and the airborne monitoring. The use of the various processes depends on a number of factors. The various factors involve the use of the high temperature resolution as the nature of the oil changes and there may be temperature fluctuations that are involved (Pisano, Bignami and Santoleri 2015). A proper method for the prevention of the oil slick should have the high temperature resolution as it may be a threat to the ecosystem. The second property involve the capacity to view the image even if a thick cover is present in a particular area. The method presented should have the capacity to have the wide spectral resolution, which is important for the detection width and the position of the spectral band. The use of the spectral resolution helps in the detection of the difference in the oil and water that is adjacent to the oil. SAR method: The SAR method may be considered as one of the most efficient and the effective instrument in order to detect the slicks that occur. The use of the SAR helps in the detects the oil spill and the oil spills appear as the dark patches on the image of SAR. The SAR process is used as the spills damp the short waves. The observation that is done by SAR does not depend on the weather conditions that are the drastic weather or the change in the weather conditions or the clouds does not affect the observation (Pettorelli et al. 2014). The SAR can even work in the challenging conditions as well and gives the correct and efficient result. The various conditions may be the stormy weather, where the chances of the accident are increased. The SAR can also work in the night condition. The use of the remote sensing satellites can be made in order to check the oil slicks that taken place. The altitude, the obit and the sensor of the detection device characterize this process (Migliaccio, Nunziata and Buono 2015). The remote sensing device senses the oil slick that has taken place and makes the various reports regarding the various effects of the oil slick and how the oil slicks can be prevented. The use of the satellite monitoring helps in the extension of the range of application to large altitude.The airborne monitoring is an oil spill monitoring method that can be used in order to prevent the oil slicks that is occurring in excess. This process helps in the support of the oil spill cleaning process. There has been introduction of the large number of sensors that is included in order to sense the large number of oil spills that is involved. The use of this method helps in the detection of the potential spillers (Maianti et al. 2015). There are ultraviolet scanner, microwave sensors, laser fluorescence sensors and many other sensors that are involved. The use of these well developed and advanced sensors helps in the possible detection of the spill that may occur due to the various oil spill activities. There are multi- sensors that are involved which helps in the better detection of the oil spills. The use of these multi- sensors helps in the analysis of the data and the helps in putting forward the result of the possible oil slicks that may occur. MODIS method: The use of the MODIS method is another process that helps in the detection of the oil slick that may occur. The use of the MODIS method helps in the detection of the oil slicks. The more number of oil slicks result in the danger to the life of the aquatic animals and the plants. The use of the MODIS method helps in the detection of the images of the oil slicks that is occurring. The use of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Sprectroradiometer (MODIS) is required for the analyzing of the data and the putting forward of the data that is produced by the passive optical sensors that are present (MacDonald et al. 2015). The MODIS structure involves the use of mainly three thresholds. The three thresholds involve the by index threshold, by value and by function. The three thresholds are followed by the integration and the various applications of the algorithms that are presented in order to detect the oil slicks. The MODIS process is an efficient and effective process. As per the requirement given, the process of the SAR is the best process for the implementation of the method for the protection of the oil slick. The SAR process satisfies all the criteria that need to be met. The use of the SAR is an efficient method and the use of this method can be made in order to detect the oil skill. The use of the SAR technique can be used as the SAR process has the right amount of spectral region. Compared to the other processes the coverage area of this process is more and as a result of which this process is more effective than the other processes (Liu et al. 2013). The SAR has the capacity to serve in areas that is prone to excess weather change. In drastic weather condition as well the SAR process has the ability to work and detect the oil spill that may occur. The use of the SAR process can be made at night and day as well. It is difficult for the other processes to operate at night and this provides an added advantage to the SAR process and this is the reason why the SAR is preferred over the other processes. Literature Review The SAR and the MODIS are the two technologies that are used in this article. The main purpose of the report is to detect the oil slicks that are produced in the various regions. For the protection of the oil slicks two main methods are considered in this report. The use of the SAR and the MODIS technologies are used in order to detect these oil slicks. The SAR technology is more widely used than the MODIS technology. There are other various applications of the SAR and the MODIS. These technologies are used in other fields as well (Liu et al. 2013). This literature review presents the use of the SAR and the MODIS technology in the various other fields as well. The use of the SAR is discussed at first. The applications of the SAR technologies can be defined as: The use of SAR can be made in the field of oceanography. The use of the SAR can be made in this field as the use of SAR can be made in order to calculate the spectra of the wave, the speed of the wind and the various other characteristics that may be involved in order to calculate and predict the nature and the characteristic of the wave and the ocean. The use of the technology is often made by the meteorological department in order to predict the weather conditions that may occur (Lavrova et al. 2014). The technology can give the pattern of the waves and the various other characteristic and the condition of the ocean. The calculation of the speed of the wave helps in knowing of the condition of the weather. The use of the technology can provide the various images and the various movements of the wind, which can help in the calculation of the wind speed. The calculation of the wind speed helps in the detection whether the weather will be stormy or calm. This technology can also be ex tended to application in the calculation of the ocean currents. The use of the technology helps in the knowing the chances of the flood. Thus, the technology is helpful with respect to the fact that it can help in saving a large number of lives from the flood. The use of the SAR technology can be extended to agriculture. The use of the technology helps in the classification of the various crops into different sections and defines the various methodologies for the proper maintaining of the crop and the various other method in order to improve the growth and the quality of the crop. The SAR technology helps in the betterment of the quality of the crops. The help of the SAR technology that puts forward the various characteristic and the various properties of the soil does this (Li et al. 2013). All the requirements and the properties of the crop are suggested by the use of the technology. The use of the technology can be made in order to know the characteristics of the soil and the crops that can grow on that type of soil. The measurement of the soil moisture is made by the use of the SAR technology. The use of the SAR technology is also made in order to know the moisture of the soil. By knowing the moisture of the soil, it can be decided whi ch soil is eligible and required for the irrigation and the cultivation of the crops and for agriculture. Thus, the use of the SAR technology can help in knowing the various information about the agriculture. The use of the technology helps in the knowing of the various characteristics of the crop and the characteristic of the soil where the crop is grown. The use of the technology helps in the development of the planting structure and discusses the spatial distribution of the crop. All these information is important on the basis of which the various discussion is made regarding the use of the correct soil and the correct soil. The use of the SAR technology is the most advanced technologies whose used is made in the agricultural field. The use of this technology helps in the identification of the crop from the aspect of data and technology (Lavrova and Mityagina 2013). The use of the SAR technology is made in this case as the improvement of the various parameters relating to the agr iculture is made. The agriculture is an important sector and the use of the various insecticides and the crop production and quality has to be maintained in order to serve the people and in an healthy manner. Moving Target Indicator: The increase in the rise of the number of attacks and the number of bombing taking place has led to the invention of the large number of weapons that can detect the bombs and restrict the attacks. The use of the SAR technology is also made in the Moving target indicator concept. The use of the moving target indicator helps in the changing the operations relating to the battlefield and the bombing. The use of the GPS bomb is looking forward to the displacing of the present bomb that is in use. The use of the SAR helps in the production of the maps of the areas that ranges from a few meters to large kilometers. Thus, the use of the SAR technologies help in the detection of the various materials such as the vehicles, the ships, fences, and aircrafts that is present close to the SAR detector (Kim et al. 2015). The use of the Moving Target Indicator helps in the identification of the slowly moving vehicles, aircrafts and the helicopters. The use of these radars can sometimes even define t he type of the moving vehicle. The use of the SAR technology in the Moving Target Indicator helps in the proper detection, locating of the moving target in a proper manner. The use of the SAR technology also allows the Moving Target Indicator to even work in drastic weather conditions. The use of the present bombs that is the traditional laser bombs needs that the weather conditions is not very humid or the moisture is not present. This property is not required in the present bombs, which implement the SAR technology and can operate in any weather conditions. The use of the SAR technology helps in the proper detection and there is loss of accuracy in the measurement. The use of SAR helps in the efficient and the effective bombing of the target. The other property why the use of the SAR technology is made is that more number of targets can be handled at the same point of time. The use of the SAR technology helps in the efficient bombing even in the adverse weather conditions. A large number of targets can be managed even in the adverse weather conditions and in the night (Khanna et al. 2013). Thus the aircrafts that bomb the other aircraft can handle a large number of targets at the same time and can even operate in an efficient manner in the dark. For the efficient bombing to take place the proper detection of the target is necessary. This efficient detection even in the drastic weather conditions is done by the use of the SAR technology. The radars that is present under the Moving Target Indicator is used for the coverage of a large area and the use of the radar is made in order to detect the articles that may be present or the detection of the target and the bomb in this case. The use of the SAR in the various fields is presented and it is quite evident that the use of them SAR in the various fields have helped in the advancement of the technologies in the various fields and have also helped in the making of the work easier in the various fields (Hu et al. 2015). The application of the MODIS technology has been presented in the next part. The various applications of MODIS technology are: Monitoring of Water Quality: The use of the MODIS technology can be made in order to monitor the water quality. The use of the data that is presented by the MODIS technology is used in the controlling of the water quality. The water quality management is necessary for the management of the quality of the water. There is large number of pollution that can take place from the various sources such as the pollution from the various industries, pollution from the oil leaks taking place from the ships and the other vehicles that carry oil and the other waste materials. There are many people who use the water bodies for the washing of the utensils and the other materials which are of daily necessity (Guo, Liu and Xie 2013). The use of the water bodies have led to the excess pollution. If the pollution is not managed then there would be drastic effects that may take place such as the consumption of this water will lead to the effecting of the large number of people and the various children will also be affected. The use of the water management is thus needed in order to protect the various people from being affected by the use of the polluted water. The use of the MODIS principle helps in the detection of the pollution that may take place and may provide solutions for the prevention of the pollution that is caused by the water. The use of the MODIS principles helps in the detection of the oil slicks that may take place (Xu et al. 2016). It also provides solution and the various ways in which the industry waste may be deposited and the waste may be effectively managed. The MODIS technology helps in the prediction when the possible pollution can take place and as a result of which the prevention of the pollution of the water is possible to a large extent. The use of the MODIS technology helps in the collection of the data of the pollution caused, the type of pollutant that was responsible for the pollution in a major way. This will help in the creation of the awareness and will help in knowing the r eason of the pollution that has taken place. This will help in the restricting of the cause of the pollution from the next time (Garcia-Pineda et al. 2013). The use of the MODIS principle is made because of the presence of the high spectral resolution, which helps in the better detection of the pollutants. The other properties and the reason for the use of the MODIS principle is the short period of revisit, the fast acquisition process and the other property is the free of charge. Thus, by the implementation of these properties the pollution that is caused may be controlled and the proper water management is possible in an efficient and effective manner. The MODIS is largely responsible for the snow cover products that are produced. The MODIS presents the automated process in which the snow covers work. The MODIS snow covers are an improvement over the previous products that were used. The use of the MODIS snow cover has an much more efficient and more effective operation as compared to the snow covers that were used previously (Fingas and Brown 2014). The snow covers generated by the use of the MODIS technology involves the automated process by which the consistent data that is involved may be used and the process is carried out. The snow cover information is required by the data set that is generated by the long- term studies of the climate. The MODIS instrument involves the integration of the large number of instruments, which is necessary for the carrying out of the tasks performed by the snow cover. Thus, the use of the MODIS snow cover is an instrument that is an improvement over the previous instrument. The MODIS snow cover is responsible for the carrying out of the work in a much more efficient and effective manner. Description and Sustainability Aspect There are a number of ways in which the water bodies are getting polluted. One of the major reasons of the pollution is the leakage of the large quantity of oil into the water bodies. The process of the leakage of the oil into the water bodies is responsible by the various ways is called as oil slick. The oil slick form the major part of the water pollution. The oil slick process has to be reduced (De Dominicis et al. 2013). The article makes the mention of two concepts for the reduction of the oil slick. The two methods are the SAR and the MODIS method. The reduction of the oil slick is necessary as the water bodies form the major source of water for the domestic purpose at a number of homes. The water of the water bodies are also supplied as drinking waters at the various houses. The use of the various techniques has been made for the reduction of the pollution of the water bodies. The reduction of the pollution is necessary not only for the humans but for the aquatic animals and p lants as well. The pollution that is caused by the various agents affects the aquatic life as well. The discussion here is to be made about the pollution that is caused by the oil slicks as the oil slick forms the major part of the pollution that is caused in the water bodies (Collins et al. 2015). The formation of the film of oil blocks the sunlight from reaching the animals and plants. Both the species require sunlight to survive. Moreover, due to the formation of the film of oil the oxygen supply is also cut off as the oxygen cannot reach the plants and the animals due to which the marine life is affected. The use of the various technologies that are made in order to protect the pollution that is caused due to the slick of the oil in the water bodies is mentioned in this part. The first technology that is used is the SAR technology and the other is the MODIS technology. Both the technologies are efficient and solve the purpose of the reduction of the oil slick that is taking place. The SAR technology however is more efficient as compared to the MODIS technology. The use of the SAR technology puts forward the advantage of providing efficient and correct solutions even in drastic conditions of weather (Cheng et al. 2014). The SAR can even operate at night. The us e of the SAR can be made for a large area as the radars that are present under the SAR have a large coverage area. The large coverage area is responsible for the detection of the large number of devices or the large number of obstacles. The use of the SAR can be made in a large number of important devices. The use of the SAR tec hnology can be made in order to reduce the oil spill that is caused. By the use of the SAR methodology the oil spill predicted thus reducing the chanced of the oil spill and reducing the chances of the oil slick, which causes the pollution that occurs in the water bodies. The SAR works in the principle that the SAR works as sensors, which have the capability to capture the microwaves that are reflected from the surfaces of the various materials. The presence of the oil works as an obstacle and does not allow the microwaves to enter (Chen and Hu 2014). The microwaves that are returned are detected by the SAR sensors and it can detect the presence of a coating of oil, which puts forward the presence of the oil slick. By the use of the method of SAR the oil slick is prevented to a large extent. The other method that may be used is the MODIS method. The MODIS method is another method that is used for the detection and the prevention of the oil slick. The MODIS has the capability to provide the measurements and the calculations in the various dynamics which are done in large scale such as the cloud cover of the Earth, the processes of the ocean and the process on the land (Caruso et al. 2013). The MODIS is also responsible for the processing of the activities of the lower atmosphere. The MODIS carries out the working by the help of the on board calibrators. There are four calibrators that are present. The on board calibrators involve the in- flight calibration, the solar diffuser, the solar diffuser stability monitor and the spectral radiometric calibration assembly. The process of detection can take place through these calibrators. By the use of the MODIS method the data for the oil slicks can be collected and by the help of these data the oil slick in the future may be prev ented. In order to establish the MODIS image there are mainly three algorithm that is followed. The Thresholding by value algorithm is followed in order to detect the value of the RGB of red color. The second algorithm that is applied is to present the image of the oil spill in an accurate manner. This algorithm is known as Thresholding by Index (Bayona, Domnguez and Albaigs 2015). This process is an important part which helps in the proper image formation of the oil spill. The third and the last algorithm of the MODIS method is the Thresholding by function, which helps in the proper obtaining of the accuracy and the checking of the efficiency. This process works in the principle by the calculation of the RGB values of the green and the red colors. In case the green has a pixel less than three then the oil is detected and the detection of the oil slick is detected. By the help of the three algorithms, the oil slicks can be detected and the oil slick may be prevented. Sustainability can be defined as the process of changing where the resource exploitation, the technological development orientation, investments directions as well as all types of institutional alterations are in harmony and thus enhancing all the potential in meeting the aspirations or human needs (Maianti et al. 2015). The specific organizing principle of the sustainability aspect is the sustainable development that involves various domains like economic, social and environment. The sub domains in this sector are political, technological and cultural. For this particular case study of Oil slick detection using SAR and MODIS imagery, the sustainability aspects mainly involve the environmental changes. The detection of oil slick with the help of the two methodologies of SAR and MODIS is the most advanced step or advancement in the satellite or radar system. Although, satellites are taking down the entire world, they are providing advancements in the technology and thus providing sust ainability aspects to the society (Caruso et al. 2013). The four aspects of the sustainability in this case study are functions as well as structure of the natural ecosystems and their interactions within various radar systems or satellites. Conclusion From the report, it can be concluded that due to the oil slick there are a large number of living beings which are affected. The oil slick from the various sources affects the marine life in a large manner. The use of the various technologies is made for the reduction of the oil slick that is occurring from the ships or from the industry waste. The implementation of the various technologies is discussed in the report. The implementation of the various technologies for the prevention of the oil slick is presented in the report. The various applications of the SAR and the MODIS technology is also presented in this report. The applications are involved in the literature review. The literature review also involves the application of the MODIS technology. The two technologies are largely responsible for the reduction of the oil slicks. The various methodologies for the different technologies are presented in the next section of the report. The method from the point of view of the sustaina bility is also explained in the section. After the discussion of the various technologies that can be implemented, the best technology that can be used is put forward and the reason why the SAR was selected as the best technology to be used is also stated. The SAR has the properties that the other processes do not have. The SAR can work in conditions in which the other monitoring and detection systems cannot work. The use of the SAR is made and it is different from the other properties as the SAR technology also applies in the changing and the drastic weather conditions. The SAR can work in the same efficient and effective manner in the bad weather conditions as well. The use of SAR presents the effective and the efficient results at night, which is difficult for the other technologies to present. Thus, for oil slick detection the SAR technology is the best possible technology that can be used. The future of the SAR technology is immensely enhanced. One of the future trends in SAR technology is the lighter weights of the space borne SARs. The first space borne SAR weighted around 2.3 tons; however, the recent SAR-Lupe weights extremely less, which is around 0.77 tons. For the reduction of the weight, SAR-Lupe utilizes a fixed solar panel as well as a parabola antenna with the diameter of 3m. The various recent trends of SAR technology are platform weight, revisit time and bistatic SAR, interferometry and many more. References Bayona, J.M., Domnguez, C. and Albaigs, J., 2015. Analytical developments for oil spill fingerprinting.Trends in Environmental Analytical Chemistry,5, pp.26-34. Caruso, M.J., Migliaccio, M., Hargrove, J.T., Garcia-Pineda, O. and Graber, H.C., 2013. Oil spills and slicks imaged by synthetic aperture radar.Oceanography,26(2), pp.112-123. Chen, S. and Hu, C., 2014. In search of oil seeps in the Cariaco basin using MODIS and MERIS medium-resolution data.Remote sensing letters,5(5), pp.442-450. Cheng, Y., Liu, B., Li, X., Nunziata, F., Xu, Q., Ding, X., Migliaccio, M. and Pichel, W.G., 2014. Monitoring of oil spill trajectories with COSMO-SkyMed X-Band SAR images and model simulation.IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing,7(7), pp.2895-2901. Collins, M.J., Denbina, M., Minchew, B., Jones, C.E. and Holt, B., 2015. On the use of simulated airborne compact polarimetric SAR for characterizing oilwater mixing of the deepwater horizon oil spill.IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing,8(3), pp.1062-1077. De Dominicis, M., Pinardi, N., Zodiatis, G. and Archetti, R., 2013. MEDSLIK-II, a Lagrangian marine surface oil spill model for short-term forecastingPart 2: Numerical simulations and validations.Geoscientific Model Development,6(6), pp.1871-1888. Fingas, M. and Brown, C., 2014. Review of oil spill remote sensing.Marine pollution bulletin,83(1), pp.9-23. Garcia-Pineda, O., MacDonald, I., Hu, C., Svejkovsky, J., Hess, M., Dukhovskoy, D. and Morey, S.L., 2013. Detection of floating oil anomalies from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill with synthetic aperture radar.Oceanography,26(2), pp.124-137. Guo, J., Liu, X. and Xie, Q., 2013. Characteristics of the Bohai Sea oil spill and its impact on the Bohai Sea ecosystem.Chinese Science Bulletin,58(19), pp.2276-2281. Hu, C., Chen, S., Wang, M., Murch, B. and Taylor, J., 2015. Detecting surface oil slicks using VIIRS nighttime imagery under moon glint: A case study in the Gulf of Mexico.Remote Sensing Letters,6(4), pp.295-301. Khanna, S., Santos, M.J., Ustin, S.L., Koltunov, A., Kokaly, R.F. and Roberts, D.A., 2013. Detection of salt marsh vegetation stress and recovery after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in Barataria Bay, Gulf of Mexico using AVIRIS data.PloS one,8(11), p.e78989. Kim, T.S., Park, K.A., Li, X., Lee, M., Hong, S., Lyu, S.J. and Nam, S., 2015. Detection of the Hebei Spirit oil spill on SAR imagery and its temporal evolution in a coastal region of the Yellow Sea.Advances in Space Research,56(6), pp.1079-1093. Lavrova, O.Y. and Mityagina, M.I., 2013. Satellite monitoring of oil slicks on the Black Sea surface.Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics,49(9), pp.897-912. Lavrova, O.Y., Mityagina, M.I., Kostianoy, A.G. and Semenov, A.V., 2014. Oil pollution in the Southeastern Baltic Sea in 2009-2011.Transport and Telecommunication Journal,15(4), pp.322-331. Li, X., Li, C., Yang, Z. and Pichel, W., 2013. SAR imaging of ocean surface oil seep trajectories induced by near inertial oscillation.Remote sensing of environment,130, pp.182-187. Liu, Y., MacFadyen, A., Ji, Z.G. and Weisberg, R.H. eds., 2013.Monitoring and Modeling the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: A Record Breaking Enterprise(Vol. 195). John Wiley Sons. Liu, Y.Y., Weisberg, R.H., Hu, C.C. and Zheng, L.L., 2013. Trajectory forecast as a rapid response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.Monitoring and Modeling the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: A Record-Breaking Enterprise, pp.153-165. MacDonald, I.R., Garcia?Pineda, O., Beet, A., DaneshgarAsl, S., Feng, L., Graettinger, G., French?McCay, D., Holmes, J., Hu, C., Huffer, F. and Leifer, I., 2015. Natural and unnatural oil slicks in the Gulf of Mexico.Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans,120(12), pp.8364-8380. Maianti, P., Rusmini, M., Tortini, R., Dalla Via, G., Frassy, F., Marchesi, A., Nodari, F.R. and Gianinetto, M., 2014. Monitoring large oil slick dynamics with moderate resolution multispectral satellite data.Natural hazards,73(2), pp.473-492. Marghany, M., 2015. Automatic detection of oil spills in the Gulf of Mexico from RADARSAT-2 SAR satellite data.Environmental Earth Sciences,74(7), pp.5935-5947. Migliaccio, M., Nunziata, F. and Buono, A., 2015. SAR polarimetry for sea oil slick observation.International Journal of Remote Sensing,36(12), pp.3243-3273. Pettorelli, N., Laurance, W.F., O'Brien, T.G., Wegmann, M., Nagendra, H. and Turner, W., 2014. Satellite remote sensing for applied ecologists: opportunities and challenges.Journal of Applied Ecology,51(4), pp.839-848. Pisano, A., Bignami, F. and Santoleri, R., 2015. Oil spill detection in glint-contaminated near-infrared MODIS imagery.Remote Sensing,7(1), pp.1112-1134. Pisano, A., De Dominicis, M., Biamino, W., Bignami, F., Gherardi, S., Colao, F., Coppini, G., Marullo, S., Sprovieri, M., Trivero, P. and Zambianchi, E., 2016. An oceanographic survey for oil spill monitoring and model forecasting validation using remote sensing and in situ data in the Mediterranean Sea.Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography,133, pp.132-145.Pisano, A., De Dominicis, M., Biamino, W., Bignami, F., Gherardi, S., Colao, F., Coppini, G., Marullo, S., Sprovieri, M., Trivero, P. and Zambianchi, E., 2016. An oceanographic survey for oil spill monitoring and model forecasting validation using remote sensing and in situ data in the Mediterranean Sea.Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography,133, pp.132-145. Salberg, A.B., Rudjord, . and Solberg, A.H.S., 2014. Oil spill detection in hybrid-polarimetric SAR images.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,52(10), pp.6521-6533. Sun, S. and Hu, C., 2016. Sun glint requirement for the remote detection of surface oil films.Geophysical Research Letters,43(1), pp.309-316. Sun, S., Hu, C., Feng, L., Swayze, G.A., Holmes, J., Graettinger, G., MacDonald, I., Garcia, O. and Leifer, I., 2016. Oil slick morphology derived from AVIRIS measurements of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: Implications for spatial resolution requirements of remote sensors.Marine pollution bulletin,103(1-2), pp.276-285. Xu, Q., Li, X., Wei, Y., Tang, Z., Cheng, Y. and Pichel, W.G., 2013. Satellite observations and modeling of oil spill trajectories in the Bohai Sea.Marine pollution bulletin,71(1-2), pp.107-116. Zhao, J., Temimi, M., Ghedira, H. and Hu, C., 2014. Exploring the potential of optical remote sensing for oil spill detection in shallow coastal waters-a case study in the Arabian Gulf.Optics Express,22(11), pp.13755-13772.
Friday, April 10, 2020
Name: Course: Title: Date: THE CURRENT NINE MEMBERS OF THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT 1.Antonin Scalia 1986-present 2.Anthony Kennedy 1988- present 3.Clarence Thomas 1991-present 4.Ruth Bader Ginsburg 1993-present 5.Stephen Bayer 1994-present 6.John G. Robert 2005-present 7.Samuel Alito 2006-present 8.Sonia Sotomayor 2009-present 9.Elena Kagan 2010-present CASES SUMMARY ROE v. WADE Roe (P), a pregnant single woman, brought a class action suit challenging the constitutionality of the Texas abortion laws. These laws made it a crime to obtain or attempt an abortion except on medical advice to save the life of the mother. Other plaintiffs in the lawsuit included Hallford, a doctor who faced criminal prosecution for violating the state abortion laws; and the Does, a married couple with no children, who sought an injunction against enforcement of the laws on the grounds that they were unconstitutional. The defendant was county District Attorney Wade (D). Roe and Hallford won their lawsuits at trial. The district court held that the Texas abortion statutes were void as vague and for over broadly infringing the Ninth and Fourteenth Amendment rights of the plaintiffs. The Does lost, however, because the district court ruled that injunctive relief against enforcement of the laws was not warranted. The Does appealed directly to the Supreme Court of the United States and W ade cross-appealed the district courts judgment in favor of Roe and Hallford. ISSUES IN THIS CASE INCLUDES Do abortion laws that criminalize all abortions, except those required on medical advice to save the life of the mother, violate the Constitution of the United States? Does the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution protect the right to privacy, including the right to obtain an abortion? Are there any circumstances where a state may enact laws prohibiting abortion? Did the fact that Roes pregnancy had already terminated naturally before this case was decided by the Supreme Court render her lawsuit moot? Was the district court correct in denying injunctive relief? The Court held that, in regard to abortions during the first trimester, the decision must be left to the judgment of the pregnant womans doctor. In regard to second trimester pregnancies, states may promote their interests in the mothers health by regulating abortion procedures related to the health of the mother. Regarding third trimester pregnancies, states may promote their interests in the potentiality of human life by regulating or even prohibiting abortion, except when necessary to preserve the life or health of the mother.The Supreme Court held that litigation involving pregnancy, which is capable of repetition, yet evading review, is an exception to the general rule that an actual controversy must exist at each stage of judicial review, and not merely when the action is initiated. The Court held that while 28 U.S.C. 1253 does not authorize a party seeking only declaratory relief to appeal directly to the Supreme Court, review is not foreclosed when the case is brought on appeal from specific denial of injunctive relief and the arguments on the issues of both injunctive and declaratory relief are necessarily identical.The Does complaint seeking injunctive relief was based on contingencies which might or might not occur and was therefore too speculative to present an actual case or controversy. It was unnecessary for the Court to decide Hallfords case for injunctive relief because once the Court found the laws unconstitutional, the Texas authorities were prohibited from enforcing them. HOW THE RULING IN THE CASE IMPACTS THE LIVES OF AMERICANS Roe has come to be known as the case that legalized abortion nationwide. At the time the decision was handed down, nearly all states outlawed abortion except to save a womans life or for limited reasons such as preserving the womans health, or instances of rape, incest, or fetal anomaly. Roe rendered these laws unconstitutional, making abortion services vastly safer and more accessible to women throughout the country. The decision also set a legal precedent that affected more than 30 subsequent Supreme Court cases involving restrictions on access to abortion. References: 1.http://articles.latimes.com/1989-06-18/books/bk-3553_1_linda-coffee-norma-mccorvey-untold-story 2.http://www.plannedparenthood.org/files/3013/9611/5870/Abortion_Roe_History.pdf
Monday, March 9, 2020
150 Famous Writing Quotes to Inspire You Right Now 150 Famous Writing Quotes to Help You During Every Stage of Writing When you're feeling stuck on your novel, an important thing to remember is that we've all been there in the past. That's right - even the J.K Rowling's and Ernest Hemingway's of this world. Which is why it's always a great idea to turn to your most famous peers (and their writing quotes) for inspiration.Without further ado, here are 170 writing quotesÃ to guide you through every stage of writing. (Yes! We've added more since we first published this post!) Discover 170 famous writing quotes inside to inspire your own writing! The number one piece of advice that most authors have for other authors is to read, read, read. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s why.1. Ã¢â¬Å"If you don't have time to read, you don't have the time (or the tools) to write. Simple as that.Ã¢â¬ - Stephen King2. Ã¢â¬Å"You should write because you love the shape of stories and sentences and the creation of different words on a page. Writing comes from reading, and reading is the finest teacher of how to write.Ã¢â¬ - Annie Proulx3. Ã¢â¬Å"Indeed, learning to write may be part of learning to read. For all I know, writing comes out of a superior devotion to reading.Ã¢â¬ - Eudora Welty4. Ã¢â¬Å"Read, read, read. Read everythingÃ¢â¬Å - Ã¢â¬Å trash, classics, good and bad, and see how they do it. Just like a carpenter who works as an apprentice and studies the master. Read! You'll absorb it. Then write. If it's good, you'll find out. If it's not, throw it out of the window.Ã¢â¬ - William Faulkner5. Ã¢â¬Å"I kept always two books in my pocke t: one to read, one to write in.Ã¢â¬ - Robert Louis Stevenson6. Ã¢â¬Å"The Six Golden Rules of Writing: Read, read, read, and write, write, write.Ã¢â¬ - Ernest Gaines7. Ã¢â¬Å"The greatest part of a writerÃ¢â¬â¢s time is spent in reading, in order to write; a man will turn over half a library to make one book.Ã¢â¬ - Samuel Johnson8. Ã¢â¬Å"Read a thousand books, and your words will flow like a river.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â¢ Lisa See9. Ã¢â¬Å"One sure window into a personÃ¢â¬â¢s soul is his reading list.Ã¢â¬ - Mary B. W. Tabor As any writer knows, there are no actual Ã¢â¬Å"rulesÃ¢â¬ in this craft. That said, these writing quotes reveal some famous principles in writing that wonÃ¢â¬â¢t let you down.125. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â¢ Anton Chekhov126. Ã¢â¬Å"My own experience is that once a story has been written, one has to cross out the beginning and the end. It is there that we authors do most of our lying.Ã¢â¬ - Anton Chekhov127. Ã¢â¬Å"There are three rules for writing a novel. Unfortunately, no one knows what they are.Ã¢â¬ - Somerset Maugham128. Ã¢â¬Å"Any word you have to hunt for in a thesaurus is the wrong word. There are no exceptions to this rule.Ã¢â¬ - Stephen King129. Ã¢â¬Å"Substitute 'damn' every time you're inclined to write 'very;' your editor will delete it and the writing will be just as it should be.Ã¢â¬ - Mark Twain130. Ã¢â¬Å"Find your best time of the day for writing and write. DonÃ¢â¬ â¢t let anything else interfere. Afterwards it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t matter to you that the kitchen is a mess.Ã¢â¬ - Esther Freud131. Ã¢â¬Å"Here is a lesson in creative writing. First rule: Do not use semicolons. is, you really need lessÃ¢â¬ ¦ My model for this is late Beethoven. He moves so strangely and quite suddenly sometimes from place to place in his music, in the late quartets. He knows where heÃ¢â¬â¢s going and he just doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to waste all that time getting thereÃ¢â¬ ¦ One is aware of this as one gets older. You canÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time.Ã¢â¬ - Ursula K. Le Guin140. Ã¢â¬Å"Part 1. I notice that you use plain, simple language, short words and brief sentences. That is the way to write English - it is the modern way and the best way. Stick to it; donÃ¢â¬â¢t let fluff and flowers and verbosity creep in.Part 2. When you catch an adjective, kill it. No, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t mean utterly, but kill most of them Ã¢â¬â then the rest will be valuable. They weaken when t hey are close together. They give strength when they are wide apart.Part 3. An adjective habit, or a wordy, diffuse, flowery habit, once fastened upon a person, is as hard to get rid of as any other vice.Ã¢â¬ - Mark Twain "I love deadlines. I like the whooshing sound they make as they fly by," and more writing quotes inside Ã¢â¬Å"You miss 100% of the shots that you never take - Wayne Gretsky,Ã¢â¬ as Michael Scott once said. In tribute to this sentiment, these writing quotes help show why itÃ¢â¬â¢s important not to let failure or rejection get you down.141. Ã¢â¬Å"You canÃ¢â¬â¢t let praise or criticism get to you. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a weakness to get caught up in either one.Ã¢â¬ - John Wooden142. Ã¢â¬Å"Rejection slips, or form letters, however tactfully phrased, are lacerations of the soul, if not quite inventions of the devil - but there is no way around them.Ã¢â¬ - Isaac Asimov143. Ã¢â¬Å"Was I bitter? Absolutely. Hurt? You bet your sweet ass I was hurt. Who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel a part of their heart break at rejection. You ask yourself every question you can think of, what, why, how come, and then your sadness turns to anger. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s my favorite part. It drives me, feeds me, and makes one hell of a story.Ã¢â¬ - Jennifer Salaiz144. Ã¢â¬Å"I love my rejection slips. They show me I t ry.Ã¢â¬ - Sylvia Plath145. Ã¢â¬Å"I would advise anyone who aspires to a writing career that before developing his talent, he would be wise to develop a thick hide.Ã¢â¬ - Harper Lee147. Ã¢â¬Å"I used to save all my rejection slips because I told myself, one day IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to autograph these and auction them. And then I lost the box.Ã¢â¬ - James Lee Burke148. Ã¢â¬Å"This manuscript of yours that has just come back from another editor is a precious package. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t consider it rejected. Consider that youÃ¢â¬â¢ve addressed it Ã¢â¬Ëto the editor who can appreciate my workÃ¢â¬â¢ and it has simply come back stamped Ã¢â¬ËNot at this addressÃ¢â¬â¢. Just keep looking for the right address.Ã¢â¬ - Barbara Kingsolver149. Ã¢â¬Å"To ward off a feeling of failure, she joked that she could wallpaper her bathroom with rejection slips, which she chose not to see as messages to stop, but rather as tickets to the game.Ã¢â¬ - Anita Shreve150. Ã¢â¬Å"Remember: whe n people tell you somethingÃ¢â¬â¢s wrong or doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t work for them, they are almost always right. When they tell you exactly what they think is wrong and how to fix it, they are almost always wrong.Ã¢â¬ - Neil Gaiman151. Ã¢â¬Å"The artist doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have time to listen to the critics. The ones who want to be writers read the reviews, the ones who want to write donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the time to read reviews.Ã¢â¬ - William Faulkner152. Ã¢â¬Å"I think that you have to believe in your destiny; that you will succeed, you will meet a lot of rejection and it is not always a straight path, there will be detours - so enjoy the view.Ã¢â¬ - Michael York153. Ã¢â¬Å"I went for years not finishing anything. Because, of course, when you finish something you can be judged.Ã¢â¬ - Erica Jong154. Ã¢â¬Å"I tell writers to keep reading, reading, reading. Read widely and deeply. And I tell them not to give up even after getting rejection letters. And only write what you love.Ã¢â ¬ - Anita Diamant155. Ã¢â¬Å"I could write an entertaining novel about rejection slips, but I fear it would be overly long.Ã¢â¬ - Louise Brown156. Ã¢â¬Å"I had immediate success in the sense that I sold something right off the bat. I thought it was going to be a piece of cake and it really wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t. I have drawers full of - or I did have - drawers full of rejection slips.Ã¢â¬ - Fred Saberhagen157. Ã¢â¬Å"An absolutely necessary part of a writerÃ¢â¬â¢s equipment, almost as necessary as talent, is the ability to stand up under punishment, both the punishment the world hands out and the punishment he inflicts upon himself.Ã¢â¬ - Irwin Shaw158. Ã¢â¬Å"Failures are finger posts on the road to achievement.Ã¢â¬ - C. S. LewisWhy does writing matter? If thereÃ¢â¬â¢s anyone who might know the answer, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the people who write - and continue to write, despite adverse circumstances. Here are a few pennies for their thoughts.159. Ã¢â¬Å"Every secret of a wri terÃ¢â¬â¢s soul, every experience of his life, every quality of his mind, is written large in his works.Ã¢â¬ - Virginia Woolf160. Ã¢â¬Å"If the book is true, it will find an audience that is meant to read it.Ã¢â¬ - Wally Lamb161. Ã¢â¬Å"A word after a word after a word is power.Ã¢â¬ - Margaret Atwood162. Ã¢â¬Å"If you want to change the world, pick up your pen and write.Ã¢â¬ - Martin Luther163. Ã¢â¬Å"The purpose of a writer is to keep civilization from destroying itself.Ã¢â¬ - Albert Camus164. Ã¢â¬Å"Good fictionÃ¢â¬â¢s job is to comfort the disturbed and disturb the comfortable.Ã¢â¬ - David Foster Wallace165. Ã¢â¬Å"After nourishment, shelter and companionship, stories are the thing we need most in the world.Ã¢â¬ - Philip Pullman166. Ã¢â¬Å"All stories have to at least try to explain some small portion of the meaning of life.Ã¢â¬ - Gene Weingarten167. Ã¢â¬Å"If a nation loses its storytellers, it loses its childhood.Ã¢â¬ - Peter Handke168. Ã ¢â¬Å"The difference between fiction and reality? Fiction has to make sense.Ã¢â¬ - Tom Clancy169. Ã¢â¬Å"If I had to give young writers advice, I would say donÃ¢â¬â¢t listen to writers talking about writing or themselves.Ã¢â¬ - Lillian Hellman170. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t take anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s writing advice too seriously.Ã¢â¬ - Lev GrossmanOf course, writing quotes by themselves won't write the book for you - you alone have that power. However, we hope that this post has helped inspire you in some way! If you're looking for more in-depth resources, you can check out these guides:How to Write a NovelHow to Develop a Strong ThemeHow to Build a Character ProfileHow to Become a Better Writer TodayHave a favorite quote that we missed? If you know of more cool quotes by writers, write them in the comments!
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Dominant Groups - Essay Example Therefore, an individual that has a dominant attribute of any of these aspects becomes part of the dominant group. Dominant groups play a vital role in the establishment of identities among member of the society (Pearson highered). It is critical to understand dominance in the society since it is a vital aspect of community. Dominance has various repercussions in fields such as fashion, politics and other aspects of the society. Thus, understanding this concept will be vital in this discipline. Additionally, dominance influences human aspects such as sexuality significantly. Consequently, understanding this concept will provide us with vital insight into various issues pertaining to this society. Therefore, this concept is vital in understanding issue such as social classes and their influence on trends. Classism is a key component of sociology hence, studying dominance would enable an individual understand this component appropriately (Brantley et.al). Understanding dominance would enable us understand the problems which contribute lead to dominance. These factors include wealth, race, education and culture. Therefore, understanding how these factors contribute to dominance will enable us have a comprehensive view of this topic. Additionally, it will enable a student understand other social which surround dominance. Factor such as wealth, power, race, education and culture influence dominance subsequently relevant studies will reveal what the minority parties are doing to achieve the dominant status. Additionally, studying dominance would provide insight on how various social classes perceive each other. Understanding dominance would also expand our knowledge on the existing groups and their interaction. Combination of power and wealth will result in super dominant group. Therefore, studying how factors that determine dominance interact would be essential. In the American society, dominance has been maintained in various